Connect
To Top

How Child Mortality Has Changed Over Time

Black-child-layingin-hospital-bed

The oil-rich West African nation of Angola has a dubious distinction. Its child morality rate is the world’s worst: 157 kids out of every 1,000 die before their 5th birthday. By comparison the child mortality rate in the U.S. is 7 deaths per 1,000. In Europe it’s between 3 and 4.

The numbers are part of a report with a mix of promising and depressing news. Things are far better now than they used to be. Back in 1990, almost 13 million children under age 5 died. Aggressive efforts to improve pediatric health in some of the poorest parts of the world have been partly responsible for bringing that number down to an estimated 6 million this year.

But geography is a killer. “A child born in a low-income country is, on average, 11 times as likely to die before the age of 5 as a child in a high-income country,” according to the report.

The most significant progress on child mortality globally over the last 25 years was recorded in Asia and Latin America but some African nations made great strides. Liberia, Malawi and Rwanda all saw their child mortality rates drop by roughly 75 percent over this period. But the top pediatric killers globally remain diseases that disproportionately hit African children — malaria, diarrhea and pneumonia.

The report also notes that most of these kids pass away in their first month of life.

The good news is that overall odds of survival are improving for children in every country except three (see below).

How Child Mortality Has Changed Over Time

Estimated deaths per 100,000 live births for children under five, by country

Mortality rate

Country

1990

2000

2015

Decline, 1990-2015

Global 91 76 43 53%
Angola 226 217 157 31%
Chad 215 190 139 35%
Somalia 180 174 137 24%
Central African Republic 177 175 130 26%
Sierra Leone 264 236 120 54%
Mali 254 220 115 55%
Nigeria 213 187 109 49%
Benin 180 145 100 45%
Congo 187 161 98 47%
Niger 328 227 96 71%
Equatorial Guinea 190 152 94 50%
Guinea 238 170 94 61%
Ivory Coast 153 146 93 39%
Guinea-Bissau 229 178 93 60%
South Sudan 253 182 93 63%
Afghanistan 181 137 91 50%
Lesotho 88 117 90 -2%
Burkina Faso 202 186 89 56%
Cameroon 138 150 88 36%
Mauritania 118 114 85 28%
Burundi 172 152 82 52%
Pakistan 139 112 81 41%
Mozambique 240 171 79 67%
Togo 146 121 78 46%
Comoros 125 101 74 41%
Zimbabwe 76 106 71 7%
Liberia 255 182 70 73%
Sudan 128 106 70 45%
Gambia 170 119 69 60%
Haiti 146 105 69 53%
Laos 162 118 67 59%
Djibouti 119 101 65 45%
Malawi 242 174 64 74%
Zambia 191 163 64 66%
Ghana 127 101 62 52%
Swaziland 75 128 61 19%
Ethiopia 205 145 59 71%
Papua New Guinea 89 79 57 36%
Kiribati 96 71 56 42%
Uganda 187 148 55 71%
East Timor 176 110 53 70%
Gabon 93 85 51 45%
Turkmenistan 91 82 51 43%
Madagascar 161 109 50 69%
Myanmar 110 82 50 55%
Kenya 102 108 49 52%
Tanzania 165 131 49 71%
India 126 91 48 62%
Eritrea 151 89 47 69%
Sao Tome and Principe 111 89 47 57%
Senegal 140 135 47 66%
Congo 94 122 45 52%
Namibia 74 76 45 38%
Tajikistan 108 93 45 59%
Botswana 54 83 44 20%
Rwanda 152 184 42 73%
Yemen 126 95 42 67%
South Africa 60 75 41 32%
Guyana 60 47 39 35%
Uzbekistan 72 63 39 45%
Bangladesh 144 88 38 74%
Bolivia 124 80 38 69%
Marshall Islands 50 41 36 28%
Nepal 141 81 36 75%
Micronesia 56 54 35 38%
Nauru 57 41 35 38%
Bhutan 134 80 33 75%
Azerbaijan 95 74 32 67%
Iraq 54 45 32 41%
Dominican Republic 60 41 31 49%
Cambodia 117 108 29 76%
Guatemala 81 51 29 64%
Morocco 80 50 28 66%
Philippines 58 40 28 52%
Solomon Islands 40 33 28 29%
Vanuatu 36 29 28 23%
Indonesia 85 52 27 68%
Tuvalu 57 43 27 53%
Algeria 47 40 26 46%
Cabo Verde 63 36 25 61%
North Korea 43 60 25 43%
Egypt 86 47 24 72%
Niue 14 23 23 -67%
Ecuador 57 34 22 62%
Fiji 30 25 22 25%
Mongolia 108 63 22 79%
Nicaragua 67 40 22 67%
Vietnam 51 34 22 57%
Dominica 17 15 21 -24%
Kyrgyzstan 65 49 21 67%
Paraguay 47 34 21 56%
Palestinian territories 44 30 21 52%
Suriname 48 34 21 55%
Honduras 58 37 20 65%
Trinidad and Tobago 31 29 20 33%
Jordan 37 28 18 51%
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 25 22 18 25%
Samoa 31 22 18 44%
Belize 40 25 17 58%
El Salvador 59 32 17 72%
Panama 31 26 17 45%
Peru 80 39 17 79%
Tonga 22 18 17 24%
Brazil 61 32 16 73%
Colombia 35 25 16 55%
Iran 58 35 16 73%
Jamaica 31 22 16 49%
Palau 36 27 16 55%
Moldova 33 31 16 52%
Saudi Arabia 44 23 15 67%
Venezuela 30 22 15 50%
Albania 41 26 14 66%
Armenia 50 30 14 72%
Kazakhstan 53 44 14 73%
Mauritius 23 19 14 42%
Saint Lucia 23 18 14 37%
Seychelles 17 14 14 18%
Tunisia 57 32 14 75%
Turkey 75 40 14 82%
Argentina 28 20 13 55%
Barbados 18 16 13 27%
Libya 42 28 13 68%
Mexico 47 26 13 72%
Syria 37 23 13 65%
Bahamas 24 16 12 49%
Georgia 48 36 12 75%
Grenada 23 16 12 49%
Oman 39 17 12 71%
Thailand 37 23 12 67%
China 54 37 11 80%
Romania 38 27 11 71%
Saint Kitts and Nevis 28 19 11 63%
Brunei 12 9 10 16%
Bulgaria 22 21 10 53%
Costa Rica 17 13 10 43%
Russia 26 23 10 63%
Sri Lanka 21 16 10 54%
Uruguay 23 17 10 56%
Kuwait 18 13 9 52%
Maldives 94 44 9 91%
Ukraine 20 19 9 54%
Antigua and Barbuda 26 16 8 68%
Chile 19 11 8 58%
Cook Islands 24 17 8 67%
Latvia 20 17 8 61%
Lebanon 33 20 8 74%
Qatar 21 12 8 62%
Malaysia 17 10 7 58%
Serbia 28 13 7 76%
Slovakia 18 12 7 59%
United Arab Emirates 17 11 7 59%
United States 11 8 7 42%
Bahrain 23 13 6 73%
Cuba 13 8 6 59%
Hungary 19 11 6 69%
Malta 11 8 6 43%
New Zealand 11 7 6 49%
Macedonia 37 16 6 85%
Belarus 17 14 5 72%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 18 9 5 70%
Canada 8 6 5 41%
Greece 13 8 5 63%
Lithuania 17 12 5 68%
Montenegro 17 14 5 72%
Poland 17 9 5 70%
Australia 9 6 4 59%
Austria 10 6 4 63%
Belgium 10 6 4 59%
Croatia 13 8 4 67%
Denmark 9 6 4 61%
France 9 5 4 52%
Germany 9 5 4 56%
Ireland 9 7 4 61%
Israel 12 7 4 66%
Italy 10 6 4 64%
Monaco 8 5 4 55%
Netherlands 8 6 4 54%
Portugal 15 7 4 76%
Spain 11 7 4 63%
Switzerland 8 6 4 52%
United Kingdom 9 7 4 55%
Andorra 9 5 3 67%
Cyprus 11 7 3 76%
Czech Republic 15 7 3 77%
Estonia 20 11 3 86%
Japan 6 5 3 57%
Norway 9 5 3 70%
South Korea 7 6 3 52%
San Marino 11 6 3 73%
Singapore 8 4 3 65%
Slovenia 10 6 3 75%
Sweden 7 4 3 57%
Finland 7 4 2 66%
Iceland 6 4 2 69%
Luxembourg 9 5 2 78%
!.....The Power Is In You.....!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

More in Main